Saudi Arabia orders Pakistan nuclear weapons
The reports have not yet been confirmed, but if true they mean the capability of deploying nuclear weapons on Saudi soil, and Saudi Arabia could deploy warheads on a missile system faster than some analysts previously thought. Efficient and modern ride.
Mark Urban Secretary diplomatic and defense affairs program Newsnight BBC has written:
various sources to program Newsnight told the BBC that Saudi Arabia nuclear projects in Pakistan invested, and believes that you can feel free to bomb To achieve an atom.
Saudi Arabia’s efforts are often said to be aimed at countering Iran’s nuclear program, but the Saudis may now acquire these weapons sooner than the Islamic Republic. A few months ago a senior NATO official told me that he had seen information that Pakistan had produced nuclear weapons for Saudi Arabia, and that the weapons were now ready for delivery. Last month, former Israeli Army intelligence chief Amos Yaldeen told a conference in Sweden that “if the Iranians get a nuclear bomb,” the Saudis won’t even wait a month. They’ve already paid for the bomb, and only Just go to Pakistan and get what they want. “
King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia warned US Special Envoy to the Middle East Denis Ross in 2006 that “if Iran crosses a certain border,” we will go for nuclear weapons “, and there are many signs that Saudi Arabia is serious about reaching out. There is this purpose. “I think the Saudis believe there is some kind of understanding between them and Pakistan, and at worst,” said Gary Seymour, who was Barack Obama’s adviser on nuclear weapons until March 1. They will be able to get nuclear weapons from Pakistan. “
The history of Saudi Arabia’s projects, including the development of long-range missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads, goes back several decades. In the late 1990s, Saudi Arabia secretly bought dozens of CSS-3 ballistic missiles from China. Many experts believe that the accuracy of these missiles is insufficient for use in conventional weapons. The missiles were deployed in the Saudi army five years ago. This summer, the Jane’s Publishing Institute, which specializes in defense, reported that Saudi Arabia has equipped a new base with CSS-3 missiles and launch platforms, deploying them to Israel and Iran. In addition, it has been clear for years that Saudi Arabia has provided generous donations to Pakistan’s defense industries, and has helped to build missile and nuclear equipment laboratories, according to Western experts.
Saudi Arabia’s then Minister of Defense, Sultan bin Abdulaziz Al Saud’s visit to Pakistan’s Nuclear Research Center in years 3 and 5 was a sign of close military ties between the two countries.
Pakistan has worked closely with China in seeking strategic deterrence against India. China sold missiles to Pakistan and provided them with a plan to build a nuclear warhead. Pakistani scientist Abdul Qadir Khan was accused by Western intelligence agencies of selling nuclear knowledge and uranium enrichment centrifuges to Libya and North Korea. Abdul Qadir Khan is also said to have provided the Chinese with a nuclear weapons plan.
The map was designed for a warhead that could be mounted on a CSS-1 rocket, the same one that was sold to Saudi Arabia. Given this evidence, claims were also made in the same decade for the Saudi-Pakistani nuclear deal, but Saudi officials denied the allegations. They noted that their country had signed the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty, and called for the creation of a nuclear-free Middle East, noting that Israel had such weapons. Delivering a nuclear bomb to a foreign government could create major political difficulties for Pakistan and make it difficult for the World Bank and other donors. This gave rise to skepticism about the initial claims.
General Firouz Hassan Khan in the book Eating The Grass, which is a semi-official version of Pakistan’s nuclear program, writes that Prince Sultan’s visit to the atomic labs does not indicate an agreement between the two countries. But he acknowledges that “Saudi Arabia provided generous financial assistance to Pakistan, which made it possible for Pakistan to continue its nuclear program.” Regardless of whether or not such an understanding existed between the two countries in the 1980s, Saudi Arabia began to rethink its strategic outlook on the changing security environment around it and the prospect of nuclear weapons.
In an article published by Saudi officials that year, there were three possible responses to the new situation: Saudi Arabia itself acquiring a nuclear weapon, entering into a mechanism with another nuclear power to protect Saudi Arabia, or pursuing a Middle East plan. O of nuclear weapons. According to Gary Seymour, it was only after the US invasion of Iraq that the tensions in US-Saudi relations showed.
The Saudis were saddened by the overthrow of Saddam Hussein, had long disliked US policy toward Israel, and their concern over Iran’s nuclear program was growing. In the years that followed, whispers about Saudi-Pakistani nuclear cooperation increased. In year 3, the US delegation to Riyadh found that Pakistani diplomats were questioning US intelligence about “Saudi-Pakistani nuclear cooperation.”
According to a US State Department telegram leaked by WikiLeaks, the Pakistani diplomats – not named – believed “it is reasonable for Saudi Arabia to seek nuclear weapons as a physical” protector “of the Arab world. “. At the end of the past decade, Saudi princes and officials have been explicitly warning that they will do so if Iran acquires nuclear weapons.
Saudi officials publicized the warnings last year after warning Americans for years in private talks. One in Riyadh told a Times reporter: “It is unacceptable for Iran to have the capability to build a nuclear weapon and our country lacks it.” But are those statements merely aimed at forcing the US to take a stronger stance on Iran, or evidence of Saudi Arabia’s calculated and long-term plan for a nuclear bomb? According to what I have heard from key officials, both answers are correct.
A senior Pakistani official, who did not want to be quoted, endorsed the general – possibly unwritten – nature of his country’s deal with Saudi Arabia and asked in a gruff tone: “Did we think the Saudis paid us so much? Money that was not charity. ” A former intelligence officer also said he believed that “Pakistanis would definitely have dropped some warheads for that purpose, and would have provided them immediately if the Saudis had requested them.”
Concerning the seriousness of the Saudi threat in using the deal, Simon Henderson, director of the Washington-based Middle East Policy and Energy Program at the Washington Institute for Middle East Policy, told the BBC News program: “Saudis are very serious about Iran and nuclear issues. They don’t bluff about it. ” I have spoken with many former and current officials over the past few months, the only real debate being over how Pakistan will compensate Saudi aid.
Some think the two sides’ deal will be paid in return for the delivery of warheads, the first option the Saudis considered in the year; others consider the second option more likely, namely the arrangement by which nuclear forces Pakistan to be used in Saudi Arabia. Gary Seymour, who has been dealing with such questions at the White House a few months ago at the US Information and Policy Network, believes that what he calls a “NATO model” is more likely to be implemented.
But Seymour goes on to say: “I think delivering even a few nuclear weapons to Saudi Arabia is a very provocative act. I have always thought that if Pakistan wants to stick to any agreement, the most likely option is that the armed forces themselves Send it to Saudi Arabia with its nuclear weapons and launch system. “
This would give Pakistan great political advantage, as it would allow it to deny direct delivery of weapons, while at the same time establishing a two-stage system where, if the Saudis want to fire their nuclear weapons, The Pakistanis must agree. Others I have spoken to believe this option is not feasible because Saudi Arabia considers itself the leader of the Sunni Islamic “ummah” and wants full control of its nuclear deterrence power, especially now that sectarian confrontation with the Shia Iran has intensified.
According to Israeli intelligence, Saudi Arabia is not yet ready to launch its long-range missiles. Some recent US and NATO intelligence reports have been based on this assessment. Israel, of course, is also urging the US to contain Iran with Saudi Arabia. Amos Yaldeen declined to be interviewed by the BBC to report on the News program, but in an email he told me, “Unlike other potential regional threats, the Saudi threat is very serious and imminent.” Even if that is true, there are many reasons why Saudi Arabia wants its nuclear warheads to stay in Pakistan for now. This will allow Saudi Arabia to deny the existence of such weapons on its soil. Also, Iran will not be prompted to retaliate by crossing the threshold of nuclear, and it will keep Pakistan safe from being seen as a nuclear mercenary in the world.
Of course, these defaults may not last long. US diplomatic warming up with Iran has made Riyadh feel very insecure. Saudi Arabia fears any agreement to limit the Islamic Republic’s nuclear program is useless. A few weeks ago, Prince Bandar, head of the Saudi security apparatus and a former ambassador to Washington, announced that his country would go further than the US. As I was investigating the case, I heard rumors in diplomatic circles that Pakistan had recently delivered a Shaheen ballistic missile system – minus its warhead – to Saudi Arabia.
The reports have not yet been confirmed, but if true they mean the capability to deploy nuclear weapons on Saudi soil, and Saudi Arabia could deploy warheads on a missile system faster than some analysts previously thought. Efficient and modern ride.
In the Egyptian cases, after the overthrow of the government of Mohamed Morsi by the military, Saudi Arabia showed that it was ready to act on a large scale. Saudi behavior contains the message to Pakistan that if its association with the United States loses US military aid or World Bank loans, Riyadh is ready to replace them. NewsNew contacted the government of Pakistan and Saudi Arabia. The Pakistani Foreign Ministry called our report “speculative, mischievous and unfounded.” “Pakistan is a responsible nuclear country, has strong command and control structures, and exerts comprehensive and rigorous arms exports,” the Pakistani Foreign Ministry added. The Saudi embassy in London also issued a statement saying that it has signed a non-proliferation treaty, and is working to create a weapons-free Middle East. “
But the Saudi embassy statement also said that “the UN’s failure to keep the Middle East free of nuclear weapons was one reason Saudi Arabia’s refusal to accept a seat on the Security Council.” According to the statement, the Saudi foreign minister emphasized that the lack of international action “puts the region at risk of a time bomb, and it will not be easily thwarted